What level of evidence does an RCT represent?

The focus of Week 1 has been on the theory-practice-research cycle, quantitative and qualitative research, the levels-of-evidence pyramid and the research question.

 Quantitative Research Question

Write a quantitative research question using the PICO(T) model about a health or safety issue observed in the Ironridge or Summerville communities. 
Conduct a search of the literature for the quantitative research question.

Describe the literature search strategies (search terms, databases, filters, search results).

How many randomized, controlled trials (RCTs) did you find compared to other types of studies?  What level of evidence does an RCT represent? 
Provide a brief, two to three sentence, summary of one quantitative research study.

Qualitative Research Question
Using the same issue, how would you write a qualitative research question using the P (population), I (abstract concept) from the PICO(T) model. What qualitative research method (Phenomenology, Grounded Theory, Ethnography) would you select?  The abstract concept and research method must support each other.


Cite at least ONE SCHOLARLY research reference to support your statements in your initial post and at least ONE SCHOLARLY research reference in your response/s to peersThe scholarly research reference requirement supports the focus of this course–advanced research methods and evidence-based practice and assists in extending your and your peers research knowledge.

Melnyk, B. M., & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2015). Evidence-based practice in nursing and healthcare: A guide to best practice (3rd ed.). Retrieved from http://bookshelf.vitalsource.com

•   Chapter 1: Making the Case for Evidence-Based Practice and Cultivating a Spirit of Inquiry

•   Chapter 2: Asking Compelling Clinical Questions

•   Chapter 3: Finding Relevant Evidence to Answer Clinical Questions

•   Chapter 4: Critically Appraising Knowledge for Clinical Decision Making

Pearce, P.F., Christian, B. J., Smith, S. L., & Vance, D. E. (2014). Research methods for graduate students: A practical framework to guide teachers and learners. Journal of The American Association of Nurse Practitioners, 26(1), 19-31. Doi: 10.1002/232

Week 1: Introduction: Levels of Evidence and Research Paradigms – Case Study

Case Study

Case Study Information

A joint committee of community leaders from Ironridge and Summerville has met and decided they want to form an ad-hoc committee on health and safety issues in their communities. They have asked you to do a community assessment for them. View these two short videos. You will be conducting a participant-observation study for this discussion. The research question is: What are the health and safety issues in Ironridge compared to Summerville?

Click the following links to access the videos.

· Ironridge

· Summerville

List the observed health and safety issues separately for each community under the threaded discussion for Week 1.

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