Slides For Incorporating Specialist Nursing Into University

Slides For Incorporating Specialist Nursing Into University

Slides For Incorporating Specialist Nursing Into University

The Purpose of The Study

Authors Bruce & KlopperIntegrating Specialist Education in University

Amendment of Higher education legislation

Describes a methodology for model development

This paper is written by Judith C. Bruce and Hester C. Klopper. The purpose of writing this paper was to evaluate how to develop a model for incorporating specialist education in nursing, offered in colleges, in the university courses. This was informed by recent amendments in Higher Education Act of 1997 to the 2008 Higher Education Amendment Act. The latter recognizes universities as the only level; for offering higher education. The authors describe in this paper their methodology for developing a model for incorporating specialist nursing education into the university.


Phase 1 Objective

Phase 2 Objective

Qualitative research Design

An Exploratory study

The objectives for the paper are organized into phase 1 and, where phase 1deals with opinions of various participants in the study like practitioner nurses and nurse educators. Phase 2 deals with model development issues like concept relationship. The study employs a qualitative research design. As such it is exploratory in nature meaning the researchers seeks to understand a new phenomenon by finding out the opinions of the participants.

Methodology Continue

Data collection



Data analysis

Data for the study was mainly collected through focus group and individual interviews. Researchers used a purposeful sampling technique to recruit participants composed of practitioner nurses and nurse educators. The study was conducted in Gauteng province and only focused on the specialist education and not the entire education system for nurses. Data acquired from the study was analyzed by being organized into three sub categories namely concept development, statement development and theory development. The first category involved data categorization as per the participants identified concepts. The second category involved establishment of links between concept by the researcher and the last is the actual model that incorporates the relation statement from the second step.

Key findings

Phase 2 objectives


Relational statements

Proposed model

The key findings of this study are mainly factors that can lead towards attainment of the second objective, which is development of the model. This as previously mentioned involves identification of concepts to describe a new phenomenon where in this cases was attained through concept synthesis strategy that uses data obtained from interviews to describe new concepts. Researcher then employed statement synthesis to describe relationship between these concepts. This resulted in what is known as relational statements. Lastly, the model was developed by use of theory synthesis that combines the different relational statement.

Key findings Continue

Credibility of Qualitative research

Peer Review


Member Checks



The author notes that trustworthiness is the major challenge in using a qualitative research design. In order to address this challenge they discuss various strategies that were used to enhance trustworthiness of their findings including peer review. They author also argue that the data from this research can be generalized or transferred to other area sharing governance and where specialist nursing education is provided. In terms of credibility of information given by participant they used member checking by having 7 to 4 members check data to ensure accurate translation. Use of independent coder enhanced dependability of the study. Lastly, they ensured data neutrality by having an expert in qualitative research check the raw data.

Study Implication

Relevant in South African Context

Development of a model for incorporating specialist nursing education

Methodology development


This is a relevant paper in South Africa because it was published shortly after amendment of Higher Education Act giving Universities the precedence of offering higher education. This transition means there is need to consider the place of specialist education offered by the nursing college in the future. It is an important paper that culminates in development of a new model that describes how specialist nursing education will be incorporated into the new structure. It also highlights how students can develop an appropriate methodology to undertake any research. Another issue that emerges due to use of this methodology is transferability or generalizability of the study considering biases due to researcher and the participants.


Adequate Information

Properly Justified

Proper Language Use

Flaw in Paper Organization

The paper was well written with adequate information. The author has properly justified the need for the study citing relevant articles in his work. The language used is also universal and not technical. However, the paper organization is not appropriate because the actual model is separated from the methodology description.


Breakthrough in nursing education

Appropriate for students

Future research need to explore topic

Researcher Triangulation

This paper is a major breakthrough in the nursing profession. First is by demonstrating that qualitative research design is an appropriate technique for studying new phenomenon in the field. Secondly it is the first time specialists nursing education incorporation in university education has been studied. There is need for future research on the same to ascertain how well to integrate specialist nursing education in higher education. Through researcher triangulation or having many researchers undertake similar research the problem of credibility or trustworthiness can be eradicated.