Sixties Liberalism and Revolution in Manners
Sixties Liberalism and Revolution in Manners by Kenneth Cmiel is an article that argues civility is the law of the land. Civility as a form of protests, ensures there is no violence involved. Civility was however quite difficult to defend because of civil disobedience instigated by leaders such as Martin Luther. Civility proved to bear no fruits during protests as compared to uncivil protests and that is why most protestors prefer uncivil protests. During protests, defending and maintaining civility is quite hard because most of the process were uncivil. Incivility is not the easiest nor is it the safest way of conducting protests but for protestors more often than not using incivility get what they are asking and although uncivil protest is not necessary it is however essential. For most protest during Civil Rights movement leaders including Mahatma Gandhi and Thoreau had proved essence of uncivil process.
Movements during the ‘60s used both violent and non-violent means during the Civil Rights movement. This period served as “jumping off point” where authors questioned limit of civility as well as the powers of the government when it comes to restricting protests. Uncivility in protests were seen as being against the norm of Americans and thus many uncivil protests were often quelled by the police. Civility in the 60s crashed including language, dress, sexuality, style and beliefs. White Southerners believed that the countercultural society threatened the American civil lifestyle and made a comparison to the Victorian ideals in the ‘20s. Countercultural responded by stating when forced civility was used then there was constraints when it came to freedom of expression and speech which was against the rights in the constitution. There were changes that were made by the Supreme Court redefining the line in which civility as well as the law overlapped. Flexibility was allowed for some cases however boundaries were kept on certain institutional civilities including the schools.