Maria Moya

CHS 320


According to the United States Department of Justice Office on Violence against Women, the definition of domestic violence is an example of harmful conduct in any relationship that is utilized by one accomplice to deal with another close accomplice. Many sorts of misuse are remembered for the meaning of domestic violence, they include:

Actual maltreatment that can incorporate hitting, gnawing, slapping, battering, pushing, punching, pulling hair, consuming, trimming, squeezing, and so forth (any kind of brutal conduct caused for the person in question). Actual maltreatment likewise incorporates denying somebody clinical treatment and constraining medication/liquor use on somebody.

Sexual maltreatment happens when the victimizer pressures or endeavours to force the casualty into having sexual contact or sexual conduct without the casualty’s assent. This regularly appears as conjugal assault, assaulting sexual body parts, actual brutality that is trailed by driving sex, physically belittling the person in question, or in any event, making sexual wisecracks at the casualty’s cost.

Psychological mistreatment includes refuting or emptying the casualty’s self-appreciation worth as well as confidence. Psychological mistreatment regularly appears as steady analysis, ridiculing, harming the casualty’s relationship with his/her kids, or meddling with the casualty’s capacities.

Monetary maltreatment happens when the victimizer makes or attempts to make the casualty monetarily dependent. Monetary victimizers regularly try to keep up with absolute command over monetary assets, keep the casualties admittance to reserves, or deny the casualty from going to the everyday schedule.

Mental maltreatment includes the victimizer conjuring dread through terrorizing; taking steps to truly hurt himself/herself, the person in question, youngsters, the casualty’s family or companions, or the pets; annihilation of property; harming the pets; separating the casualty from friends and family; and disallowing the casualty from going to the everyday schedule. Dangers to hit, harm, or utilize a weapon are a type of mental maltreatment.

Following can incorporate after the person in question, spying, watching, annoying, appearing at the casualty’s home or work, sending gifts, gathering data, settling on telephone decisions, leaving composed messages, or showing up at an individual’s home or work environment. These demonstrations independently are commonly lawful, however any of these practices done ceaselessly brings about a following wrongdoing (Yaqub, 2014).

Cyberstalking alludes to online activity or continued messaging that causes significant passionate trouble in the beneficiary.

Violence against women, including intimate partner violence (IPV), is a significant obstruction to the satisfaction of women’s human rights and to the accomplishment of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), (Musa, 2019). This is specific the situation in low-pay and centre pay nations, where the commonness will in general be higher. IPV mulls over any conduct inside an intimate relationship that causes physical, mental or sexual mischief to those in the relationship. According to WHO gauges, almost 23% of women aged between 25 and 30 years and more established all over the planet have encountered physical or sexual violence because of an intimate partner in the course of their lives, with significantly higher extents found in Africa and South East Asia.

IPV openness altogether impacts the wellbeing and prosperity of women by expanding the danger of unfavourable results and hazard practices like burdensome manifestations, self-destructive contemplations and endeavours, liquor and medication use, undesirable pregnancies, foetus removals and sexual communicated infections. Women presented to IPV are more averse to get satisfactory antenatal and gifted conveyance care than women who have not experienced abuse. There is likewise developing proof that IPV and kid abuse can co-happen inside families and produce intergenerational effects. Children of moms encountering IPV are under a higher danger of under-five mortality, helpless development and improvement, just as to an expanded danger of executing or encountering IPV against women later in life, (Bacchus, 2018).

Given its inescapable, significant and durable ramifications for survivors and families, I have progressively perceived the pressing need to further develop worldwide approach activity to handle violence against women in the age bracket 25-30. In this unique circumstance, I consider a particular objective on disposing of all types of violence against women and young ladies inside the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development—under the objective of accomplishing sexual orientation equity and enabling all women and young ladies—which I vital believe to be expanding responsibility by states. Notwithstanding the developing global consideration, in any case, there is as yet restricted interest in IPV examination and coordination in estimating progress towards the 2030 SDGs in most low-income and middle-income countries (Loxton,, 2017).

Routine detailing and disaggregated investigations at country level are fundamental to recognize population subgroups that are especially defenceless against IPV openness, helping the execution of designated proof based anticipation and reaction programming. For the current investigation, I assessed ongoing IPV levels across LMICs and imbalances as per family riches, women’s age, women’s strengthening level, polygyny status of the partnership and space of home.

I will gather my data by utilized information from Demographic and Health Surveys, (as my secondary data) led in LMICs somewhere in the range of 2010 and 2017 that incorporated the ‘abusive behaviour at home module’ and evaluated IPV utilizing an organized poll, observing the WHO rules for the direct of IPV research. These rules underline individual educated assent and the significance regarding guaranteeing classification and security to work on the nature of the information and assurance the wellbeing of the respondent. In this manner, women will possibly answer the inquiries on the violence module in the event that the ideal conditions are met. My target group (women aged 25-30 years) who were common inhabitants of the chose family or who dozed in the families the night prior to the overview will be qualified for individual meetings with the full lady’s survey. Given the affectability of the inquiries, I will choose a subsample of women for the violence module (one qualified lady for each family I tend to interview). For the current investigation, my IPV gauges will aim to produce at the nation level by reanalysing the first study information, (Fry, 2017). Test loads will be utilized to adapt to inside family determination and non-reaction, guaranteeing that the abusive behaviour at home subsample will be broadly delegated. The moral obligation regarding the Demographic and Health Surveys lies with the establishments that directed the reviews in every nation; my team and I, hence, won’t need morals endorsement for this review.

The current pervasiveness of my IPV will be characterized by the extent of ever-partnered women aged 25-30 years who will announce to have encountered somewhere around one demonstration of IPV by a current or previous intimate partner in the beyond a year, autonomously of the recurrence. Questions asked to the women will: ‘Did your (last) spouse at any point do any of the accompanying things to you?’ and ‘How frequently did this occur during the most recent a year: regularly, just once in a while, or not in any way?’. The demonstrations introduced to members to evaluate the event of each kind of IPV are summed up in box 1. Gauges will be determined independently for mental, physical and sexual IPV. A consolidated mark of having encountered physical or sexual IPV, or both, will likewise determine the similarity with past distributions on the theme.

Situation for women to assess Event to be assessed Extent of event. Give a rating of between 1 and 5. Where one is the least and 5 the highest.

1 2 3 4 5

Physical violence Twist your arm or pull your hair. Punch you with fist or hit with something that could hurt you Push you, shake you or throw something at you. Slap you. Try to choke you or burn you on purpose. Threaten or attack you with a gun, knife or other weapon Kick you, drag you, or beat you up. Sexual violence Physically force you to have sexual intercourse with him when you did not want to.

Force you with threats or in any other way to perform sexual acts you did not want to. Physically forced you to perform any other sexual act when you did not want.

Psychological violence Insult you or make to feel bad about herself.

Say or do something to humiliate you in front of others. Threaten to hurt or harm you or someone you cared about. Part 2

Program Design Draft

Hypothesis: If we provide other options to victims to access their resources and worker, such as case managers, counselors, etc., during pandemics, then fewer domestic violence cases and more safe victims.

Mission Statement: For victims, the mission is to guide them with all available resources that are available during pandemics, to teach them how safe is the available alternative options, to work with them on the type of electronics that need for this access, to empower the victims with knowledge of how to be safe during state crisis. 

Goal: To develop and prepare the alternative ways of accessing services during pandemics and state crises so that Domestic Violence victims could receive their supports, resources, and needs to be addressed.


By the year, increase 25% of alternative ways to communicate to counselors, case managers, and other workers.

By the year, at least 25% of workshops to be available for victims and cases to be worked on during pandemics.

By the year to decrease 50% of domestic violence calls and cases.

By six months, 50% of 100 workshops to have participants and know how to access these programs by Telehealth communications.

Program Plan

Faculty and Staff- (can be either part time/ full time and either in person or virtually)

Program Director/ Assistant Program Director- (Full Time, Virtual and in Person)

Coordinate and supervise the program tasks. To administer, motivate, hire, and train to staff. Create and nurture affective communication within the organization. Initiate and set goals for programs base on the organization strategic objectives. Develop and approve operations and budgets.

Bilingual Preferred

One Program Director, Two Assistant Program Director

Three days virtual, two days in person


Master’s degree in social work, human services

Two years or more of managements supervision

Five years or more of managerial experience

Solid knowledge of the overall department function

Education Coordinator- (Part Time, either Remotely or in Person)

The Education Coordinator provides support and assistance, development of educational programs. Duties may include use of electronics communications and technology, preparation of reports and program documentation, develop workshop for domestic violence victims.

Five Education Coordinators

Bilingual preferred

Should choose wether in person or remotely, aware of the change of shift if need to revise more hours


Bachelor’s degree in social work, human service or related field

One year of work experience in educational setting

Five year of work experience in domestic violence

Work independently on highly complex or strategic assignment

Victim Advocate- (Full Time, Remotely and in Person, Shift Change)

Providing crisis intervention, safety planning, counseling and advocacy. Providing clients with information and referrals to outside services. Assess the urgency of victims needs and seek immediate assistance for those issues affecting victim safety.

Five victim advocate

Bilingual preferred


Master’s degree in social work, human service, criminal justice or related field

Five years of work experience in domestic violence

Must have experience providing mental health services.

Social Worker- (Full time & Part time, in person or remotely)

Responsible for managing multiple clients and their individual needs. Developing treatment for clients with mental illness or clients recovering from traumatic events. Address patient concerns and goals while maintaining constant communications with the patients. Develop care plans for patients.

Six social workers

Bilingual preferred

Three full time in person, 3 part time remotely (shift change)


Bachelor’s or Master degree in social worker

Valid and current LCSW or LMSW license

Five years of clinical social work experience

Two years or more in working with domestic violence

Ability to make psychosocial assessment and develop and implement care plans

Domestic Violence Counselors- (Full time and Part time, remote or in person)

Promote safety, independence and healing for victims of domestic violence. Provide hotline, counseling, support group, advocacy services. Must be active providing services either by phone, online or in person.

Five Domestic violence counselors

Bilingual preferred

Rotates shift either remote or in person


Bachelor’s degree

Two years of experience in working with victims of domestic violence or Telehealth counseling’s

Ability to work in a fast paced environment, assess priorities, handle multiple assignments

Intern/ Volunteer- (Fully Remote)

Will have the unique role of answering questions, debrief difficult calls, chats, coordinating and planning support groups, engagement activities.

Three intern students per semester (150 hours)

Two volunteer worker (6 months, 24 hours per week)


Intern must be in any degree program within human service related

Volunteer worker must provide resume, cover letter, letter recommendation

Computer skills knowledge of zoom or Telehealth communications

Must show good time management skills and be responsible


Faculty and Staff-

Before hiring all faculty and staff would be trained properly to use and have knowledge of using Telehealth communications. How to create zooms meeting, phone calls meetings and chat meeting safely for the victims. All be preparation for pandemics and state crisis.

After hiring all faculty and staff are required to participate in meeting and workshops.

Meetings would be giving three times a month (all meetings would be remotely). Meeting would be an opportunity for workers to ask questions, provide new ideas for the program.

Workshops- as the program is growing, workshops would be held every two months or if new activities or service is added, the worker would be informed. Workshops would be either remotely or in person.

All worker would also be prepared to work remotely during state crisis and pandemics. If any pandemics occur worker would be prepared with phone and computer to be worked from home.


In the program there would be workshops provided to the clients. The workshops would teach clients how to access to all alternatives ways, to reach to their worker or counselors. Also, clients would be provided with technology equipment if necessary. They would have the opportunity to learn how to use each electronics devices.

The workshop would be help at the beginning of each month and the end of each month (If the 1st fall in a weekend the workshop would be held the first Monday of the month and the last Monday of the month). There would be two sections for each workshop. For the beginning of the month the first section would be 9am- 11am in English second section at 1pm-3pm in Spanish in person. For the end of the month would be the same time but through zoom meeting (link would be provided through email or flyers to the client)

-To obtain electronic devices would be giving once a month with referrals from their workers.

For electronic devices workshop would be held in person. The time for these workshops would be from 9am to 12pm on Wednesday’s of the second week of the month. While receiving the devices, the client would have an opportunity to learn how to access the program online, how to set up appointment with their worker either in person or online. Also, they would learn if having emergency how to access to the emergency portal.


After each workshops clients would be giving survey giving the program feedback to either know how to maintain or the improvements of the programs. After each client completion goal, they would be asked to speak in either workshop to provide information and how the program was a help to complete their goal and how they survive or write a letter to be giving to other clients.


My team and I will present proof on the degree of flow mental, physical and sexual IPV and related imbalances utilizing public review information from LMICs that utilized comparable exploration plan and strategies to evaluate IPV, (Coll,). The discoveries will clarify that IPV against women is inescapable and that disparities in pervasiveness, both between and inside nations, can be tremendous. We will proof the public commonness of mental IPV fluctuation from 6.4% in Comoros (Easter and Southern Africa) to 34.4% in Afghanistan (South Asia), while physical and additionally sexual IPV changed from 3.5% in Armenia (Europe and Central Asia) to 46% in Afghanistan. The disaggregated investigations will aim to uncovered commonness holes more prominent than 20 rate focuses between a portions of the populace subgroups. We will show how less fortunate, more youthful and less enabled women are especially defenseless against experience IPV in many LMICs just as women in polygynous families and those living in country regions.

In any case, that there will be general examples seen from the disaggregated investigations, we will obviously focuses to the applicable crossing points between IPV event with destitution and other sexual orientation disparity indications. Albeit the crossing point among neediness and IPV might be self-evident and has been widely announced in the literature, it is astonishing how outrageous the designing by abundance is for a portion of the nations contemplated. In India, for instance, commonness holes is believed to be between the most extravagant and helpless gatherings of women surpassed 20 rate focuses for physical as well as sexual IPV (12.6% in the most extravagant abundance quintile versus 35.3% in the least fortunate abundance quintile). Our discoveries likewise will aim to show that undeniable degrees of strengthening are reliably connected to bring down IPV openness. However the reasons for IPV are perplexing, the job of sex disparity in cultivating IPV is all around acknowledged and archived in the literature, especially with regards to LMICs where women might encounter seriously confined social and monetary freedoms comparative with men. More engaged women by and large have more command over their own lives and conditions and, subsequently, a lower likelihood of experiencing late IPV as the people who endured misuse might be bound to look for help. Simultaneously, women encountering misuse may likewise have a more prominent probability of underwriting misuse. This could originate from the way that rehashed misuse might decrease a lady’s confidence and subsequently increment her penchant to fault herself for reasons unknown is setting off IPV (eg, consuming the food), (Garcia-Moreno, 2006). Low strengthening may likewise reflect solid local area sexual orientation standards that help spouse beating. From one or the other side, I believe our outcomes support will be the possible adequacy of mediations that will advance women’s strengthening by tending to standards that legitimize wife beating for IPV reduction.

The solid connection among polygyny and violence against women found in the current review will additionally be accounted for in the literature. We will search on explanations as to why there is expansion of IPV in polygynous families.

We will aim at finding if the disaggregated examinations can demonstrate which subgroups of the populace are at higher danger and in this manner most needing mediations, our expected outcomes should be deciphered in consideration to the environmental idea of the investigations played out that are not appropriate to stablish causal connections between IPV openness and the stratifies picked to explore imbalances. Given the cross-sectional nature of the DHS, these overviews are more valuable for reconnaissance purposes than etiological investigations. It is likewise critical to perceive that albeit the variables picked for information disaggregation give a significant evaluation of the weakest gatherings of women with regards to LMICs, there are absolutely other pertinent danger factors that decide women’s weakness to IPV openness that will not be investigated in our review (eg, women living with handicap and transsexual women). Likewise, while a portion of the nations remembered for these information have legitimate acknowledgment of same-sexual orientation marriage, lawful sex progress as well as a legitimately perceived third sex, DHS information are by and large gathered with a supposition that respondents are cis-women partnered with cis-men and in this manner these discoveries don’t represent different connections and may misclassify a few respondents. To the extent we know, the DHS additionally don’t offer variations in information assortment strategies for women with handicaps and, along these lines, this gathering might be under-addressed in our information. This would bring about an underrate of IPV levels since inability has been connected to a higher danger of encountering IPV among women.

We ought to have an alert when practicing while the distinctions in the general degrees of IPV since there will ways be a few women who won’t uncover data on IPV. Subsequently, despite the fact that e will use commonness gauges ordered here, we should permit examinations across settings, which is undeniably significant, they should all presumably be viewed as low-end estimates. Moreover, the degree of under-revealing is probably going to shift with respondent’s qualities just as social and normal practices that underlie the acknowledgment of violence in each setting.

Regardless of the inborn constraints of oneself revealed information and the execution of a violence module in an expansive wellbeing survey, the DHS has been fusing the best ways to deal with investigating violence against women in a morally dependable manner with act-put together normalized questions based with respect to develops that have been approved. Moreover, the IPV pointers assesse will give a moderate relationship the Gender Inequality Index, which will estimates sex disparities in three important parts of human improvement at the nation level—regenerative wellbeing, strengthening and work market cooperation.

The acknowledgment that all endeavors towards accomplishing the SDGs will be restricted without handling violence against women as a focal component of sex disparity sets out an exceptional freedom to fortify the interest in and ability to carry out proof based systems. With the fast expansion in the assortment of populace information on women’s openness to IPV and different types of violence, the foundation of appropriate baselines utilizing dependable information on pervasiveness is fundamental for future observing on abandoning nobody. The current review propels the current information by giving a worldwide display of the commonness of various types of IPV across LMICs, helping the distinguishing proof of the weakest gatherings of women for which mediations ought to be focused on in every country. The observing of progress towards the disposal of violence against women and young ladies will require endeavors for routine information assortment utilizing normalized and precise systems. These will be fundamental to evaluate the genuine effect of avoidance and reaction techniques that have been carried out with regards to LMICs after some time. The SDG 5 on sex equity and strengthening, all things considered, and young ladies incorporates the end of IPV as an objective, however almost certainly, to handle IPV we really want to engage women first with the goal that they feel like they are qualified for a daily existence liberated from violence.


Garcia-Moreno, C., Jansen, H. A., Ellsberg, M., Heise, L., & Watts, C. (2006). WHO Multi-country study on women’s health and domestic violence. Prevalence of intimate partner violence: findings from the WHO multi-country study on women’s health and domestic violence. Lancet, 368, 1260-9.

Coll, C. V., Ewerling, F., García-Moreno, C., Hellwig, F., & Barros, A. J. (2020). Intimate partner violence in 46 low-income and middle-income countries: an appraisal of the most vulnerable groups of women using national health surveys. BMJ global health, 5(1), e002208.

World Health Organization. (2013). Global and regional estimates of violence against women: prevalence and health effects of intimate partner violence and non-partner sexual violence. World Health Organization.

Bacchus, L. J., Ranganathan, M., Watts, C., & Devries, K. (2018). Recent intimate partner violence against women and health: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies. BMJ open, 8(7), e019995.

Yaqub, O., Castle-Clarke, S., Sevdalis, N., & Chataway, J. (2014). Attitudes to vaccination: a critical review. Social science & medicine, 112, 1-11.

Musa, A., Chojenta, C., Geleto, A., & Loxton, D. (2019). The associations between intimate partner violence and maternal health care service utilization: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC women’s health, 19(1), 1-14.

Fry, D. A., & Elliott, S. P. (2017). Understanding the linkages between violence against women and violence against children. The Lancet Global Health, 5(5), e472-e473.

Loxton, D., Dolja-Gore, X., Anderson, A. E., & Townsend, N. (2017). Intimate partner violence adversely impacts health over 16 years and across generations: A longitudinal cohort study. PLoS One, 12(6), e0178138.