The fact that the nursing profession is mainly an evidence-based profession makes many nurses based in universities and in the healthcare setting work as researchers. More often nursing focusses on the utilization of the evidence gathered from different research studies in rationalizing the nursing mediations. Nursing research can be categorized in two primary types of research: quantitative nursing research and qualitative nursing research. The quantitative research on the measurable results from clients. To that end the appropriate researchable population in this type of research are the clients receiving nursing services. The qualitative research is centred on analysing the experiences of the people receiving and delivering nursing services. To this end the appropriate researchable population is the individuals receiving nursing care along with nurses.
There is a myriad of challenges associated with choosing the appropriate sample in nursing research. Among them include selection bias. This means that the selected sample does not represent the population accurately. Sampling bias may also result in inadequate sampling which might over-estimate or under-estimate the characteristics of the sample. Moreover some segments of the target population might lack the ability or even refuse to participate in the study for a sampling plan. Overcoming these challenges requires the researcher to have a sound selection strategy in place. A good selection strategy ensures the validity of the sample population and additionally it serves to overcome episodes of biasness.
Most researchablepopulationare patientssufferingfrom CHFwhichis a chronic conditionthat affects about 5 million people in US.Patients with Congestive Heart Failure have frequent visits to Emergency Department and hospital re-admissions.There are many challenges in this research. One challenge is educating the patients to avoid re-admission.Patients education focuses on management of CHF medication management and non-pharmacological strategies. Also we will needaccessto medical records where we will need authorization inorderto avoid HIPPA violation where if we do our researchwillnotbe considered viable.Additionally we will would need access topatients with CHF and get authorization from thesepatients for interview purpose. We will address their otherchroniccondition leading to CHF genetic family history lifestyle drinking smokingillicit drug habits all of which contribute to CHF and eating habits.Asmentioned above we can overcome these challenges by having properdocumentation.
Accessing records ofdeceased patients with CHF if we getauthorization or that we can have theliveexpectancyof a patient with CHF as the chart will reflect when the patient was diagnosed and whenthe patient expired. While they suffered from CHF what where thechanges theymade or did not make that prolonged their lives or shorten their lives. I have a patient with CHF that continued smoking 1 pack ofcigarettes a day drank 4 beers and had a high fat and carbohydratediet that patient shorted their life expectancy althoughhe was receiving pharmacological treatment. Many CHF patients change their lifestyle and adhere topharmacological treatment and doctorvisits and theirlives are prolonged.