It is correct to say that lords were the most important people in Europe in the 1100s, 1200s and 1300s because as political and economic leaders, they were not considered to be performing two different professions at the same time. It was not only money and labor that the lords were able to extract from their peasants; they also had access to a huge variety of other resources. Additionally, they were judges, protectors, and chiefs, to whom people who “held” their land from them or lived on their grounds were tied, separate from any more binding and personal relationships, by a very wide but very genuine responsibility to assist and obey.
However, the Lords were more than a collection of wealthy men’s enterprises; they were a political organization. The chiefs’ authority was not restricted to their “business premises,” as it is in capitalist firms; rather, they had an influence on the people’s whole lives and functioned alongside or even in place of the state and the family’s authority. They had their own law, which was as a rule customary and determined the relationship between subjects and lords, as well as the precise demographic restrictions within which these conventional standards were enforced.
The Lords developed a system called Manorial system, which included compulsory labor and the right for subjects who were occupants on the land to cultivate a portion of their land. In return, they are given land that they may cultivate for themselves. of their land devoted to the lord of feudalism. As well as financial obligations, It was required to bill participants for a number of services, such as road construction and maintenance at specific seasons of the year. When they had finished with all of their hard work, they were able to finally settle down on their own plots of land and enjoy their newfound freedom. Their own self-interest in completing the Lord’s land as fast as possible before returning to work on their own property necessitated the need for oversight and control of their activities.
The Lords provided security for the subjects in that, It was their responsibility to administer and defend the land in order to safeguard it and the people who lived and worked on it. The lords had employed officials in order to guarantee that the villagers were carrying out their responsibilities. Lords also functioned as judges in manor courts, and they had the ability to condemn and punish anyone who defied the laws of their respective counties. In the king’s administration, certain of the king’s lords held important posts. It was common for lords of high rank to fight on their own behalf, or at the very least furnish their superiors with an army of well-trained combatants, during times of strife.