Does the title accurately describe the type of study, major variables, and target population?

The following questions should be answered in the critique of the article. A yes or no answer will not be accepted. All questions should be explained

Introduction
– What is the research problem and is it clearly stated in the paper? (Likely at the end of the literature review) (Quote and cite the research problem)
– How important is the problem to nursing? (Explain your answer)
– What is the justification for this study? (The research is going to identify a gap or a different perspective)
– Are there hypotheses, questions, or objectives stated? (Put in quotes and cite)
– What theoretical or conceptual framework was used for the study? Was it clearly identified or only implied? (Quality of life is a conceptual framework)
– How is the framework linked to the research purpose? (Look for consistency)
– How current is the research literature reviewed (consider the publication date of the paper)? (Go to reference list and identify the range of dates) (Then compare it to the publication date of the paper and if it is 5 years within the paper we chose)
– Is the literature review organized logically? (Does it make sense and is it easy to understand and read) (Does it support the need for the study)
– Does the literature review adequately support the need for the study?
Methods
-What is the study design? (Always explain the answer)
-Does the design fit the purpose of the study? (Explain your answer.)
-How is the design linked to the sampling method and statistical analysis?
-Describe the sample as stated in the article. (It is a population) Is it adequately and clearly described in the article? (Yes or no)
-Is the sampling procedure discussed in detail?
-What do the authors provide as justification for the size of the sample?
-Describe the study protocol (treatment and/or procedures): is it clear and concise?
-What instruments are described in the article?
-Does each instrument measure the concept it is intended to measure? (Is the concept definition consistent with the
operational definition?)
Methods (Contd)
-Does the author(s) present information on reliability and validity of the instruments?
-How does the author address threats to internal and external validity that are inherent in the study design?
-What evidence is provided regarding human subjects review and approval discussed?
-Are there indications of any ethical concerns?
-Is the study described with enough detail for replication?
Results
-How are characteristics of the sample described?
-Are the research questions/hypotheses answered separately?
-What types of data were collected?
-What data analysis procedures are used to answer the research questions? (Explain your answer.)
-Are tables, charts, and/or graphs used to present the data?
-Does the text supplement or repeat the data in the tables?
-Briefly summarize the findings and analyze the results.
Discussion/Implications for practice
-Does the author relate the findings to the studys purpose (or research objectives/hypotheses/questions)?
-How do the findings of the study compare with findings from previous studies?
-Does the author discuss the findings that conflict with previous work?
-What limitations of the study are discussed in terms of practice and future research?
-What new research emerged from this study?
-What is the potential for use in nursing practice?
Overall Presentation and final summary
Does the title accurately describe the type of study, major variables, and target population?
Does the abstract accurately represent the study?
Is the report logically consistent?
Is the writing style clear and concise?

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