Discuss what bias is and give one example of potential bias for each sampling scheme.

Essay Questions (500 Words)
1. You are hired by the Citys Public Works Department to conduct a citizen survey to investigate citizens willingness to pay for renovating the citys Park and Ride parking lot for the Amtrak. The Department Director needs your advice about the ethical and political issues related to the survey and your recommendations to deal with those issues. Please advise the Director.

2. You are hired by the Citys Public Works Department to conduct a citizen survey to investigate citizens willingness to pay for renovating the citys Park and Ride parking lot for the Amtrak. The City council is now pondering the option of funding—tax all residents in the city. For this option you need to survey all the residents. Please recommend two probability sampling schemes and discuss their advantages and disadvantages. You need to clarify what is your target population and sampling frame. Discuss what bias is and give one example of potential bias for each sampling scheme.

3. You are hired by the Citys Public Works Department to conduct a citizen survey to investigate citizens willingness to pay for renovating the citys Park and Ride parking lot for the Amtrak. The City council is now pondering the option of funding—charge commuter user fees. For this option you need to survey commuters. Please recommend two non-probability sampling schemes and discuss their advantages and disadvantage. Discuss what bias is and give one example of potential bias for each sampling scheme.

4. Suppose that your Citys Economic Development Agency opened an online forum soliciting citizens opinion about opening a Walmart in the city. You want to conduct a content analysis of citizens postings at the forum. Please develop a plan for your content analysis. In your plan, you need to discuss how you are going to carry out the research, including what your research questions are, what your unit of analysis is, how you will collect your sample, how you will code the content and analyze the data, etc.

5. Suppose that you are investigating the bankruptcy case of City A. You want to conduct a focus group of key stakeholders. Please develop a plan for your focus group. In your plan, you need to discuss how you are going to carry out the research and deal with the potential ethical and political issues.

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