Criminal Justice Administration
Question One: Criminal Justice System Components Analysis
Aspect of Comparison Courts Police Prisons
Management Structure of the component The structure has the supreme Court at the top, followed by the circuit courts of appeal (11) and DC Circuit, federal circuit and Court of appeal for armed forces. Under the circuit court, we have the district courts and tax court. Under the federal courts we have the court of international trade, courts of federal appeals and veterans appeal. Under the court of appeal for armed forces, there are the navy, marine, corps, air force and coast courts of military review (Alison & McNeil 113). Has a linear management structure with the department of state police at the top, then bureaus, commands, troops, divisions, barracks, sections and units (David, 112). Headed by the prison warden under whom we have a clerical supervisor and support staff. We then have two deputy wardens one charged with treatment responsibilities and the other security issues. Under the former, we have a director of security then six captains. Under each captain, we have lieutenants then sergeants, corporals and correctional officers Under the second deputy warden charged with treatment responsibilities, we have the director of treatment and the manager. Under the manager, we have human resources and purchase, then assistant manager and counselors. Under the director of treatment, we have two prison supervisors and, inmate healthcare and correctional counselor (David, 59).
Differences in organization The organization is more distinct It is a linear structure with no subordinates It is the most comprehensive structure
Roles and Functions They enforce justice by making decisions regarding judgment of offenders based on authoritative interpretation of law (Fuller 52) Policing, conduct investigations, awareness creation, provide security Administer punishment to law offenders and rehabilitate the same (Mark 45)
Are there guidelines governing their duties There are professional guidelines governing duties of each party Their duties are governed by distinct guidelines and professional ethics There are distinct guidelines governing duties of different personnel.
Rights offered to personnel Have a right to pursue education at a higher level They are provided with licensed arms when dealing with criminals Have a right to employ force in defense especially when dealing with violent criminals
Impact of personnel roles on criminal justice system Maintain justice They ensure that there is sufficient evidence to prosecute offenders. By punishing offenders, they prevent crime
Challenges that the personnel face They lack sufficient personnel to address cases in a timely manner They risk their lives when dealing with criminals. They lack vital resources to carry out duties with ease (David, 111) Their security is often at risk especially when dealing with hardened criminals
Question Two: Management Hierarchy Organizational Chart of the US Court System
Techniques for Influencing Criminal Justice System Change
One of the administrative constraints that are exhibited by the criminal justice system is the lack of enough personnel to deal with the rising cases of crime in an effective and timely. This is especially evident in the courts where the pace of dealing with the cases has raised various concerns. This has in return has had far reaching implications on the correctional facilities that are expected to accommodate reprimanded individuals. Consequently, the facilities therein have been strained, further having negative impacts on the wellbeing of the prisoners. This also seems to stem from poor communication between the three constituent parties.
In order to counter the situation above, I suggest that the federal government should provide more funds to the system. This would enable the required stakeholders to employ a competent management team that would ensure that the crime cases are handled effectively and justice enforced in a timely manner. In addition, extra funding would be employed in purchasing required machinery that would enhance the efficiency of dealing with the numerous cases. To address poor communication, I suggest that the system should adopt an integrated approach. In this, all the information about the functioning of the system needs to be collected and posted on a database. This would enhance timely access to important information and would ensure that the constituent systems make informed decisions at all levels.
David, Garland. Crimes and Criminals. Oxford: University Press, 2003.
Fuller, John. Criminal Justice. USA: Prentice Hall, 2005.
Hanes, Alison. & Sharon, McNeil. Crime and Punishment. USA: Farmington Hills, 2005.
Mark, Thompson. Criminal Justice System. UK: Pluto Press, 2004.