Criminal Justice annotated Bibliography
Gottschalk, P. (2011). Police Misconduct and Crime: A Gender Study of Crime Types From Court Cases Professional Issues in Criminal Justice 6 (3 & 4), 75-86.
The research is to study the conduct of the Norwegian police, who have a bad conduct and engage in corrupt activities. The police take bribes and use unnecessary force to make the suspects confess to the charges. The research also analyses the various motives of the crime by the offenders, and the relationship between the offenders and their education level.The other aim of the paper is to highlight the various crimes committed by the police, which include sexual abuse, taking bribes, extortion, corruption, and many others.
The researcher of the paper is petter Gottschalk, a professor at the Norwegian school in Oslo. The paper studies the nature of crimes in the Norwegian police force and the number of police officers and civilians involved in committing the crimes. The other issue studied is the comparison between the number of crimes committed by the male and the female officers and civilians in the Norwegian police force. The paper also studies the crimes committed by the officers and the main contributory factor to
The research findings showed that there are very many crimes committed by the police officers and civilians, especially between the year 2005 and 2010. Majority of the officers who commit crimes are men, and only a few women engaged in the criminal activities. Out of the 60 officers who faced prosecution, 52 were men while 8 were women. Education level is a contributory factor to the number, and the nature of the crimes committed.
The findings are logical since the researcher conducted the research in which he collected data from the police statistical office recorded between 2005 and 2010. The conclusion is logical since the researcher uses the data collected to conclude his work, such as the number of women offenders are very few, and their crimes are the less serious like theft. It is also true that education influences the behaviour of the police officers. More research is necessary to curb the misbehaviour in the police force in the several parts of the world..
Lambert, E. and Hogan, N. (2011). Association between Distributive and Procedural Justice and Life Satisfaction among Correctional Staff: Research Note. Professional Issues in Criminal Justice, 6 (3 & 4), 31-39.
The purpose of the research is to investigate how the procedural and the distributive justice can help shape the correctional staff job satisfaction, stress, and commitment. The other purpose is to find the relationship between the staff education, motivation and age influence correctional staff. The research explored the relationship between the organizational justice and life satisfaction of the staff.
The researchers of the paper were Eric G. Lamber, who is a professor of criminal justice at Wayne State University, and Nancy L. Hogan, who work as the professor at the State University. The two studied the factors that contribute to correctional staff job satisfaction, stress, and commitment to the organization. The factors included education level, age, level of motivation, and the procedural justice. The research took place in the Maximum Security State Prison, Midwest, where they interviewed all the 600 staff on the matters concerning their job, in which the rate of response to the questionnaires was 67 percent. The analysis was by the use of the Statistical Package for Social Sciences by the use descriptive statistics.
The results showed a correlation between the job motivation, procedural correction, reduced stress and satisfaction of the staff. As the staff ages, life satisfaction reduces while the education level determines the correctional staff life satisfaction. The organizational justice increases the life satisfaction of the staff in the prison and creates the atmosphere where everyone feels motivated.
The results are very logical as the researchers carried out the research and interviewed the staff to find the stress levels, motivation and the staff correction. The researchers analysed the results and came up with reliable results. The conclusion is sound as it gives the summary of the research findings carried out on the Maximum Security State Prison, Midwest. The research gives a conclusion based on an analysis of the staff, in which most of them responded to the questions touching on the study area.