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The library has many books on the shelves, and the tracing of a particular book can be hectic if one is not familiar or new to the library (Proust, 2017). The reason as to why some people tend to take a lot of time in the library finding a particular book can be attributed to the inadequacy in the knowledge of the cataloging style used in the specific library. A person may have one specific book in mind and also knows the shelves to which the book may be found but maybe not familiar with the way the recording as well as coding techniques that are used in that particular library. It is, therefore, possible that the person who is not familiar with the coding may not have an easy time in tracing the book. A lot of time may be spent hovering around the shelves to no avail. It can also be possible that the person may be looking for the book using the author on the shelves while at the library the books may be categorized using the subjects. Such a case may make one spend a lot of time in searching for the text in the shelves, and thus it is advisable that a person should consult a librarian for assistance in locating a book of choice.

There exist various differences between the referencing style MLA and the APA (Styles, 2017). Among the notable differences include in the date, author’s name, capitalization, source page as well as in the in-text citation. For the MLA format, the date follows the publisher in the citation and is not in the parenthesis while in the APA, the date follows the author and is in the parentheses. The authors name in the MLA format is spelled out as full including the first and the last name, in the APA format, the author’s last name is spelled out and the first name is reduced to the author’s initials. In terms of capitalization, the MLA format have all major words in the title being capitalized and the title underlined. On the other side, the APA format have only the first word of the title, the subtitle and any other proper nouns like names capitalized and everything else is made in lower case. The source page in the MLA format is referred to as the ‘Work Cited’ while in the APA format it is referred to as the ‘References’. In the in-text citation, the MLA format uses the last name of the author and the page number while the APA format uses the last name and the date or year of publication. In addition, the MLA format does not use commas to separate the materials or p. pp. before the page numbers but in the APA, the commas are used if a page is mentioned such as p. and pp. An example to illustrate the differences is:

i. MLA format: Klaphake, Elizabeth. My Life as an English Professor. Bellevue, Nebraska: Bellevue University Press. 1999.

ii. APA format: Klaphake, E. (1999). My life as an English professor. Bellevue, Nebraska: Bellevue University Press.

Among the bibliographies of a subject studied during the semester that are related to the environmental conservation include;

i. Rowell, A. (2017). Green Backlash: Global Subversion of the environment movement. Routledge: – Which talks about the mainstreaming of the environmental related enforcements to accomplish a better environment through collaboration and formation of new policies.

ii. Cairns, M. F. (2015). Shifting cultivation and environmental change: Indigenous people, agriculture and forest conservation. Routledge. – A book that emphasizes the shift cultivation with the aim of improving and conserving the soil profile in the maintenance of the environment.

iii. Harper, C., Harper, C. L., & Snowden, M. (2017). Environment and society: Human perspectives on environmental issues. Routledge. – The book talks about the role of the human beings in bettering or destroying the environment.


Proust, M. (2017). Unpacking My Library: Artists and Their Books. Yale University Press.

Styles, A. (2017). Number of citation styles are in common use depending on the specific scientific discipline. The most common styles are APA, Chicago, AMA, and MLA. Information on citation styles can be found on the web (link 1, 2) and eg in the following book: Lipson, C. 2005. How to write a BA thesis: a practical guide from your first ideas to your finished paper. Chicago University Press. Ulrich Fischer, 2, 4.