1. The phases, which are included in team development, need to be known. According to Bruce Tuckman, any group needs to develop and this occurs in four stages. During development of a group, there is a need to ensure that it operates well as it is being formed. The first stage is forming whereby, people have the need for acceptance and this means that they will do anything to avoid conflict and controversy. Each team member has a function, which benefits the team and how they can work to achieve their goals. It is a stage, which is extremely comfortable. The second stage is storming whereby; the addressed issues are important (Katzenbach& Smith, 2003. 45). At this stage, people are easily angered and are likely to confront each other. Culture plays an essential role in this stage. The third stage is norming whereby, tasks are made known to all the group members. Norming is affected by factors such as pressure, which constantly affects the group. In the fourth stage, the group members are capable of working on their own for the benefit of the group. In the work place, the soft skills, which are needed by employers, are team work, and attitude which is proactive, ability to solve problems, communication skill as well as being able to provide services.
2 .An example of a team, which I have participated in, is the one in school. All the students were expected to carry out a task in various groups. Each person was to contribute towards the group’s success. During the stage of formation, many problems occurred. The members did not get along well with each other. This is because some of them had personal differences with each other. After everyone was made known of their responsibilities, the group was more at ease. Everyone was aware of their responsibility towards the group.
3. Certain characteristics are associated with people in terms of the negative behaviors they express while in their teams. Such groups tend to have members who are constantly complaining. This means that they will often oppose the opinions of others as they believe theirs is better. These people, also, do not have any initiative and will often depend on others to do their own tasks. They rely much on other people rather than themselves (Seidman, 2007.23). They also do not have goals, which are clear. This in turn affects the other members of the group in that they make them lose focus. Output and productivity from them is extremely low and this may lead to dismal performance by the group as they are also being affected.
4. When I was a member of a team in class, there was one person who behaved in a negative manner. The task which the group was given was an assignment, which ensures that everyone had a specific task. The person with negative traits was constantly complaining. They believed that they had been given a hard task as compared to others. The person’s output during brainstorming was not rewarding. The team was affected by the behavior of the team member. The team’s morale was affected to the point whereby, a decision was made to remove the person from the team. This means that negative characteristics should not be allowed as they have negative consequences to others.
Katzenbach, R. & Smith, K. (2003). The Wisdom of Teams: Creating the High-Performance Organization. New York: Harper Business Essentials.
Seidman, D. (2007). How: Why how we do anything means everything. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.