The novel is about Sophie living a simple life in the village in Norway with her parents. her father, an oil tanker captain. Thought the father is most often on voyage, Sophie is seldom alone thanks to the companionship of her tortoise, budgerigars and her real companion, her mother.
A number of things happen at the beginning of the lot with Sophie receiving messages from in a mail box, one well structured and addressed from people unknown to her. Though she fails to understand the senders of the messages, they get her curiosity and she is left to wonder who was the sender and the actual plan or mission of the sender. However, she throws caution in the wind and risks opening the messages. This might have been an offense, but she takes it courageously only to learn that the content were meant for someone else but is still important to her as she can as well make use of the contents. The messages forming part of the correspondence philosophy course
The author argues that knowledge one ones roots are as important as being able to differentiate or be differentiating an ape from a human being. These are two different animals within similar characteristics but different level of rationality. He tends to argue that if Sophie does not know about her roots, then she is not a human being but an ape. By enlightening Sophie, he exposes Sophie to the systems of the world, how things really hang. He tends to argue that even though, things may be changing, and two different cultures are embracing each other, it is imperative for her to go back to her roots and embrace her roots, or culture. In that way, she will appreciate where the world came from.
While the argument of the philosophers may be right, it is important for her to learn epistemology, the authors argues that the combination of two different cultures into one, means new cultures should be embraced, but after knowing their roots. An example given on points that of the Israelites when they had to go to their destiny in the wilderness, they knew where they were coming from, the knowledge of one’s history is important in pointing put the right location and direction. Without knowing where we are from, we cannot make any resolution.
Gartner argues that
“The German poet Goethe once said, “He who cannot draw on three thousand years is living from hand to mouth.” I do not want you to end up in such a sad state. I will do what I can to acquaint you with your historical roots. It is the only way to become a human being. It is the only way to become more than a naked ape. It is the only way to avoid floating in a vacuum.” ― Guarder Joustein
The author is against ignorance, ye argues that those who do not know about their roots. He argues that ignorance s lie, living a simple life.
The author argues that a thousand years have passed since the Greek established their tradition; they have managed to preserve that tradition. The tradition helps individual identify with their roots and that by identifying with your roots it is easy to determine where one is going
While the author presents three personalities with a few ways of explaining the reason why man should consider doubt, it is also imperative to note that that author asked Sophie to constantly doubt the very existence of humankind. The author tells the nurse that is important to start learning through first querying the research results. If the system has, loopholes and therefore one should start by question or doubting his existence. His role on earth and what beliefs. The author tries to set a world in which the people have a philosophy to living or doing things. One must; learn the great works of Democritus, Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. This is because the three philosophers is anchored on the general metaphysics or epistemology because this was the only way the individuals can identify their roots, understand, and judge their roots. Alberto says:
“Surely it is by asking questions that we know we are alive.”
By knowing their roots, people start to appreciate the nature of human, and why they are different from naked apes. A human being is a higher animal in comparison to the ape. However, if a human being fails to understand his roots, he or she is likely to behave like an ape. No rationality or understanding just floating in a vacuum with nothing to hold on to or talk about
Knowing the historical roots is also important as it helps one in becoming less ordinary and may help one to learn how to survive in the world of changing fortunes. For example, while the world is changing, with technology taking over, it is advisable to have once roots on one hand and identify the reason for our existence. The author tries to urge us to think critically and analytical, by curiously analyzing our environment and the system.
Gaarder, Jostein. Sophie’s World: A Novel about the History of Philosophy. Trans. Paulette Moller. New York: Berkley Books, 1996