Annotated Bibliography (4)

Annotated Bibliography (4)

Annotated Bibliography: Policing and Society

Student’s name





Haberman, C. P., Groff, E. R., Ratcliffe, J. H., & Sorg, E. T. (2016). Satisfaction With Police in Violent Crime Hot Spots: Using Community Surveys as a Guide for Selecting Hot Spots Policing Tactics. Crime & Delinquency, 62(4), 525–557. article discusses public satisfaction with police services. It includes research from various studies, and it is relevant to the topic. It was found that there are few things known about the public satisfaction with police services in violent crime hot spots. The article intended to provide a guide for selecting policing techniques to increase satisfaction with police services in violent crime hot spots. It would be helpful if students understood how they could benefit from this article through personal knowledge and academic success. This source proposes that improving public satisfaction requires the police department to work towards reducing fear of crime and addressing social disorder challenges. This source will add value to my research on policing and violent crimes since it describes the various ways of minimizing violent crimes. The credibility of the authors adds to the reliability of this source.

Braga, A. A., Brunson, R. K., & Drakulich, K. M. (2019). Race, place, and effective policing. Annual review of sociology, 45, 535-555.

This source talks about the relationship between the police and the public. It talks about the importance of public support in assisting the police fight with crimes. It describes the discriminatory police practices and their impacts on the police-public relationship. According to the article, these strategies are associated with aggressiveness and racial disparities. It also talks about the history of the police in the United States and their transformation to serve and protect. The article explains that race and place are associated with the effectiveness of the police. The author describes the situation of race and police-public relationship in America.

Interestingly, the use of community policing programs has increased lately due to these racial differences. The author’s main target is to find out whether there are factors that help to reduce these racial disparities. The authors propose that the police department should aim at engaging residents and ensuring that crime-control programs are not unfocused and indiscriminate. This source will also be significant in my research since it stipulates how the public and police relationship can be enhanced and work together to eliminate crime.

Collazos, D., García, E., Mejía, D., Ortega, D., & Tobón, S. (2021). Hot spots policing in a high-crime environment: An experimental evaluation in Medellin. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 17(3), 473-506.

This article aims to test the aggregate, spillover, and direct impacts of hot spots policing on crime in a high-crime environment. The study describes the significance of contests when designing and implementing hot spot policing. The authors found that most high-crime environments can be transformed into more stable and secure ones by hot spot policing. The evaluation results showed that the frequency of police calls, arrests, and offences decreased when hot spots policing was implemented. Furthermore, increased police presence improved the quality of life in the high-crime environment. The results also showed that new residents perceive police activity as one of the main contributors to the improvement witnessed in their environment since hot spots policing began. This source will assist me in describing the various ways of reducing crimes in society—hot spots policing reduced crime without compromising social order or quality of life.

Malone, M. F. T., & Dammert, L. (2021). The police and the public: Policing practices and public trust in Latin America. Policing and society, 31(4), 418-433.

This source notes that there have been serious efforts to reform the police in Latin America. Among the reforms introduced is community-oriented policing practices, which aim to initiate close relationships between the public and the police and prevent crimes. This source supports a research question being investigated in Latin America: How to increase the public’s trust in the police? The authors are M. F. T. Malone and L. Dammert, specializing in political science and history. The credibility of these authors ensures that the information provided in the article is reliable. The article’s abstract notes that the police have undergone massive reforms in Latin America, including community-oriented policing practices, which aim at creating a close relationship between the community and police officers to prevent crime. Therefore, the source will assist me in discussing the importance of promoting public and police relationship and their impacts when making reforms in the police department.