Annotated Bibliography (2)

Annotated Bibliography (2)

Nia Busche

Engl 1102

Dr. Furey

24 March 2022

Annotated Bibliography

“SHOCKING SEATTLE MURDER A MOTHER’S DEADLY DATE. By: Truesdell, Jeff, Bowers, Michelle, Keating, Caitlin, Keating, Susan, Sokmensuer, Harriet, People, 00937673, 5/2/2016, Vol. 85, Issue 19.”

Summarized: The Department of Health is introducing a mandatory reporting system for adverse events in the NHS which will replace the statutory inquiries held when someone with a mental illness commits a homicide. This is part of a radical transformation in the way that errors and adverse outcomes are investigated and in the types of solutions that will be sought. If human error is identified, then the inquiry team tends to see it as a sufficient explanation and the investigation ends. This article shows how radically different this change is and contrasts it with the current procedure of inquiries. It is argued that the new approach holds the promise of more effective learning, but it requires major developments in research design. It also requires a fundamental cultural change in the NHS to a more open organization where errors or mistakes can be reported without fear of retribution.

“An Examination of the Effects of Mental Disorders as Mitigating Factors on Capital Sentencing Outcomes. By: Miley, Lauren N., Heiss‐Moses, Ellie, Cochran, John K., Heide, Kathleen M., Fogel, Sondra J., Smith, M. Dwayne, Bejerregaard, Beth J., Heiss-Moses, Ellie, Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 07353936, Jul2020, Vol. 38, Issue 4.”

Summarized: The present study employs the population of capital cases advanced to penalty phase in the state of North Carolina to examine whether presentation to the jury of the statutory mitigators of extreme mental and emotional disturbance and capacity impaired, and specific mental illness diagnoses, often referred to as mental disorders, at the sentencing phase mitigate against a sentence of death. Results from these 835 cases indicate that with the exception of one, the diagnosis of a learning disability, the capital jury’s acceptance of various mental health conditions does not effectively mitigate against a capital sentence. In addition, jury rejection of a diagnosis of mental illness or the two mental health statutory mitigators, capacity impaired and extreme emotional disturbance, as a mitigating factor has a counter mitigating effect in that it significantly increases the odds of a death penalty recommendation by about 85 200%.

“Clugston, Bobbie; Green, Bob; Phillips, Jane; Samaraweera, Zara; Ceron, Carolina; Gardner, Cameron; Meurk, Carla; Heffernan, Ed. Psychiatry, Psychology & Law. Dec2019, Vol. 26 Issue 6, p904-919. 16p.”

Summarized: Individuals with a mental illness may be particularly vulnerable during police interviews. This article reports the findings of a retrospective review of 31 police interviews of mentally ill persons charged with murder or attempted murder who appeared before the Queensland Mental Health Court. Police interviews were conducted for all murder and 50% of attempted murder cases. Possible or overt mental illness symptoms were present in all interviews. Symptoms of mental illness were pervasive in 36. 7% of interviews, intermittent in 43. 3% of interviews and seldom in 20% of interviews. 7% of interviews, and legal representation was not present for any interview.

“Flynn, Sandra; Swinson, Nicola; While, David; Hunt, IsabelleM.; Roscoe, Alison; Rodway, Cathryn; Windfuhr, Kirsten; Kapur, Navneet; Appleby, Louis; Shaw, Jenny. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology. Apr2009, Vol. 20 Issue 2, p306-321. 16p. 1 Diagram, 5 Charts, 3 Graphs.”

Summarized: This study aims to identify the social, clinical, and criminological characteristics of a national sample of perpetrators, to identify any previous contact with mental health services and to establish risk of suicide after homicide. The median age of perpetrators was 41 years ; most were male. Eighty-four perpetrators died by suicide on the day of the homicide. The most common method of homicide was sharp instrument. Twenty had previous contact with mental health services, 14 were seen within a year of the offence. Conclusions: Significantly fewer perpetrators of homicide-suicide compared with homicide or suicide only were in contact with mental health services.

“Cuadra, Lorraine E.; Jaffe, Anna E.; Thomas, Renu; DiLillo, David. Child Abuse & Neglect. Aug2014, Vol. 38 Issue 8, p1399-1408. 10p.”

Summarized: This study examined the relationships between childhood experiences of parenting and causal attributions for criminal behavior among offenders against the person, property offenders, and non-offenders. Analysis showed that non-offenders perceived their fathers to be warmer and more overprotecting than did person offenders. Person offenders perceived their mothers to be less warm than did property offenders and non-offenders, and less overprotecting than non-offenders. Mothers were perceived to be more overprotecting and warmer than fathers by all 3 groups. No significant associations were revealed between perceptions of parenting and causal attributions for crime.

Outline Guide

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